Paramount 12872 – Blind Lemon Jefferson – 1929

A crop of the only known photograph of Lemon Jefferson, as was pictured in the Paramount Book of Blues.

On this day, we celebrate the probable birthday of the great blues man Blind Lemon Jefferson, so for this momentous occasion, I present to you a great treasure of the Old Time Blues collection, which happened to have been recorded on Lemon’s thirty-sixth birthday.

Blind Lemon Jefferson was born September 24, 1893 (though, as is so often the case with early blues people, this date is disputed) in Coutchman, Texas, near Tehuacana Creek, about five miles west of Streetman, in Freestone County.  Lemon took up the guitar in his teens and played at picnics and rent parties, or “booger roogers” as he called them, in East Texas.  In the 1910s, he worked frequently in Deep Ellum in Dallas and played with fellow musicians including Huddie “Lead Belly” Ledbetter and Alger “Texas” Alexander.  In late 1925 or early 1926, a time when most of recorded blues consisted of women singing with a jazz band backing in a vaudevillian style, Blind Lemon traveled to Chicago to record with Paramount records.  Between 1926 and 1929, Jefferson recorded around a hundred songs for Paramount, and made one additional record with Okeh.  Blind Lemon Jefferson died under mysterious circumstances in Chicago at 10:00 AM on December 19, 1929, Paramount paid for his body to be shipped back to Texas, where he was buried in the Wortham Negro Cemetery.

Paramount 12872, featuring “Bed Springs Blues” and “Yo Yo Blues”, was recorded September 24, 1929 in Chicago, Illinois, Lemon’s birthday.  This proved to be Blind Lemon Jefferson’s final recording session.  The condition’s pretty rough on this one, but I think the music still comes through.  Now, two years after my original posting, a new Grado cartridge has facilitated a much finer quality of transfers than my originals.  Though still plagued by some groove stripping and plenty of pops and clicks, they are now much crisper and clearer, and those pesky skips have been all-but-eliminated.

First, Lemon’s “Bed Springs Blues” provides an excellent demonstration of Lemon’s unique style of playing guitar.

Bed Springs Blues, recorded September -, 1929 by Blind Lemon Jefferson.

Bed Springs Blues, recorded September 24, 1929 by Blind Lemon Jefferson.

On the flip, Lemon performs his own “Yo Yo Blues”.  A number of songs carrying the same title were recorded around the same period—most notably by Barbecue Bob—opening with “got up this morning, my yo-yo mama was gone,” but Lemon’s is a different song, instead starting with “I would go yo-yoin’, but I broke my yo-yo string.”

Yo Yo Blues, recorded September -,1929 by Blind Lemon Jefferson.

Yo Yo Blues, recorded September 24, 1929 by Blind Lemon Jefferson.

Updated with improved audio on July 28, 2017.

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